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2022_Multifocal Organoid Capturing of Colon Cancer Reveals Pervasive Intratumoral Heterogenous Drug Responses

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이름 : 관리자

2022-03-25 13:41:47

Multifocal Organoid Capturing of Colon Cancer Reveals Pervasive Intratumoral Heterogenous Drug Responses

Abstract

Intratumor heterogeneity (ITH) stands as one of the main difficulties in the treatment of colorectal cancer (CRC) as it causes the development of resistant clones and leads to heterogeneous drug responses. Here, 12 sets of patient-derived organoids (PDOs) and cell lines (PDCs) isolated from multiple regions of single tumors from 12 patients, capturing ITH by multiregion sampling of individual tumors, are presented. Whole-exome sequencing and RNA sequencing of the 12 sets are performed. The PDOs and PDCs of the 12 sets are also analyzed with a clinically relevant 24-compound library to assess their drug responses. The results reveal unexpectedly widespread subregional heterogeneity among PDOs and PDCs isolated from a single tumor, which is manifested by genetic and transcript-x-xional heterogeneity and strong variance in drug responses, while each PDO still recapitulates the major histologic, genomic, and transcript-x-xomic characteristics of the primary tumor. The data suggest an imminent drawback of single biopsy-originated PDO-based clinical diagnosis in evaluating CRC patient responses. Instead, the results indicate the importance of targeting common somatic driver mutations positioned in the trunk of all tumor subregional clones in parallel with a comprehensive understanding of the molecular ITH of each tumor.

총게시물 : 15개(현재페이지 : 1/총 페이지 : 1)

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